The town of used to be one of the three major city-states of ancient Rhodes. It was founded by the Dorians in the 10th century B.C. and grew in power thanks to its location – situated in a large bay on the eastern side of the island, it was a perfect meeting point between the Greeks and the Phoenicians. Nowadays, the most impressive remains of the wealthy trading centre can be found at the Acropolis of , built on a steep hill. The best-preserved building there is the Doric Temple of goddess Athena.
But not only the ancients made their home within the walls of the Acropolis. In the 14th century, when the height of the crusades was over, the Knights of St John decided to relocate to Rhodes. They constructed many fortifications, and one of them was a castle in . The towers still remain and proudly overlook the Mediterranean Sea.